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UPSC Current Affairs

UPSC Current Affairs

UPSC Daily Current Affairs :: SRIRAM's IAS

GREEN DEPOSIT SCHEME

Jul 10, 2024
What Is the Green Deposit Scheme? The Green Deposit Scheme, introduced by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) in June 2023, is a financial product where fixed deposits are earmarked for green projects and activities. These deposits aim to support climate risk mitigation, adaptation, and resilience, as well as other environmental objectives. Why Was the Green Deposit Scheme Introduced? The scheme was introduced to mobilize domestic savings for climate action, ... Read More...

DIGITAL BHARAT NIDHI

Jul 10, 2024
What Is Digital Bharat Nidhi? Digital Bharat Nidhi (DBN) is an initiative by the Indian government aimed at enhancing telecom connectivity in rural and underserved areas. It replaces the Universal Service Obligation Fund (USOF) and seeks to provide better access to telecommunication services through various funding mechanisms. How Will Digital Bharat Nidhi Work? The DBN will operate under guidelines issued by the Department of Telecommunications (DoT). The funds collected will support universal service thr... Read More...

INFORMAL SECTOR ENTERPRISES IN INDIA: TRENDS

Jul 10, 2024
What Are Informal Sector Enterprises? Informal sector enterprises are businesses that operate without formal registration or regulation by the government. They are often small-scale operations and include street vendors, small retail shops, and home-based businesses. Why Are Informal Sector Enterprises Important? Informal sector enterprises play a crucial role in the economy by providing employment opportunities and contributing to the livelihoods of many... Read More...

CLIMATE-PROOFING CITIES

Jul 10, 2024
What Is Climate-Proofing? Climate-proofing refers to making cities resilient to the impacts of climate change through various measures such as improved infrastructure, policies, and governance to handle extreme weather conditions like floods, heatwaves, and storms. Why Is Climate-Proofing Important? Climate-proofing is essential to protect cities from the adverse effects of climate change, ensuring the safety and well-being of their inhabitants, maintaini... Read More...

Women’s Representation in the Lok Sabha: Significance and Trends

Jul 10, 2024
Representation of women in the Lok Sabha has shown a significant increase since the first parliamentary election in 1952. This trend highlights the ongoing efforts to promote gender equality in Indian politics. 1. Historical Growth: • 1952: 22 women MPs out of 489 (4.5%) • 1957: 27 women MPs out of 494 (5.5%) • 2019 (17th Lok Sabha): 78 women MPs out of 543 (14.4%) • 2024 (18th Lok Sabha): 74 women MPs out of 543 (13.6%) 2. Party-wise Comparison (2019 vs. 2024): Read More...

FUTURE OF THE NATIONAL RESEARCH FOUNDATION: A REALITY

Jul 10, 2024
FUTURE OF THE NATIONAL RESEARCH FOUNDATION: A REALITY? In the Union budget for 2021-22, the government announced a significant allocation of Rs 50,000 crore for the National Research Foundation (NRF) over five years, marking a major step towards enhancing scientific research and innovation in India. The Anusandhan National Research Foundation Act, 2023, aims to establish the NRF and replace the Science and Engineering Research Board Act, 2008. This Act also seeks to centralize scientific research funding, which was first proposed under... Read More...

Miracle material: graphene.

Jul 10, 2024
  1. What is graphene? Graphene is a single layer of carbon atoms arranged in a honeycomb pattern. It's an allotrope of carbon, like diamond and graphite. 2. Why is graphene called a "wonder material"? It's incredibly strong, lightweight, f... Read More...

"Jumping genes" and RNA bridges

Jul 10, 2024
  They are new discoveries in genetics that could greatly impact medicine and biology: 1. Jumping genes (transposons): - Discovered in 1948 by Barbara McClintock - These are genes that can move around in the genome - They can turn other genes on or off, creating diversity in nature - About 45% of human DNA consists of these elements - Scientists are trying to reactivate dormant jumping genes for potential medical use 2. RNA bridges: - Recently discovered gene editin... Read More...

Bharatiya Antariksha Station (BAS)

Jul 10, 2024
Q1: What is the purpose of the BAS? A: The BAS will serve multiple purposes, including: - Scientific research: e.g., studying the effects of microgravity on plant growth - Earth observation: e.g., monitoring climate patterns and natural disasters - Technology development: e.g., testing new life support systems for long-duration spaceflight - International collaboration: e.g., hosting experiments from global research in... Read More...

Lightning strikes in India:Silent Killer

Jul 10, 2024
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"Bharat Mata" (Mother India), its origins, and significance:

Jul 09, 2024
1. Origin of the term: The concept of Bharat Mata as a personification of India as a mother goddess emerged during the Indian independence movement in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. - The term gained popularity after Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay's 1882 novel "Anandamath," which included the patriotic song "Vande Mataram" (I bow to thee, Mother). - The first known depiction of Bharat Mata is believed to be a 1905 painting by Abanindranath Tagore, showing her as a four-armed Hindu goddess. Read More...

Bonalu festival in Telangana:

Jul 09, 2024
1. What is Bonalu? Bonalu is a traditional Hindu festival celebrated in Telangana, particularly in Hyderabad and Secunderabad. ... Read More...

BRAZIL’S PANTANAL WILDFIRE RECORDS

Jul 09, 2024
Introduction: The Pantanal, the world’s largest tropical wetland, is experiencing unprecedented wildfires. According to a recent study, the region has suffered significant water loss since 1985, contributing to the current spike in fires. This year has set records for January-June fires, as reported by news agency AFP. KEY POINTS: 1. Water Loss: • The annual water surface in 2023 was only 382,000 hectares, 61% below the historical average. • Last year, only 2.6% of the Pan... Read More...

Negative Interest Rates Simplifier

Jul 09, 2024
Negative interest rates are when borrowers are paid to borrow money and savers are charged to keep their money in the bank. It's the opposite of how interest rates usually work. FAQs: 1. What are negative interest rates? When interest rates are negative, banks charge you for keeping your money with them, and they may pay borrowers for taking out loans. 2. Why would a country implement negative interest rates? To encourage spending... Read More...

Repatriation of Indian Artifacts

Jul 09, 2024
1. What is the history of antiquities being looted from India?    There was a systemic loot of thousands, if not lakhs, of Indian artefacts by the British, Danish, French and Portuguese between the 17th and 19th centuries. The famed Koh-i-Noor diamond, the remains of the Amravati marbles and the Sultanganj Buddha are just a few examples of India’s treasures that were looted and still remain in foreign countries. 2. How does the government bring back smuggled artefacts? Read More...