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UPSC Current Affairs

UPSC Current Affairs

UPSC Daily Current Affairs :: SRIRAM's IAS

INDIA AND RUSSIA TO SIGN MILITARY LOGISTICS AGREEMENT

Jun 26, 2024
FAQs What is the purpose of the military logistics agreement between India and Russia? The military logistics agreement between India and Russia aims to enhance their defense partnership by granting mutual access to each other’s military facilities. This includes the Russian Navy operating in the Indian Ocean Region (IOR) and India in the Arctic. The pact is designed to streamline procedures for joint exercises and operations, ensuring seamless coordination between the t... Read More...

India, China vie for cobalt rights in Indian Ocean.

Jun 26, 2024
FAQs What triggered the competition for cobalt mining rights in the Indian Ocean? The increased Chinese presence in the Indian Ocean Region (IOR) has prompted India to seek rights to explore cobalt reserves. India’s application to the International Seabed Authority aims to explore cobalt-rich ferromanganese crusts in the Afanasy Nikitin Seamount in the Central Indian Ocean. This move puts India in competition with Sri Lanka, which has sought to extend its continental she... Read More...

THE HOOCH TRAGEDY IN TAMIL NADU

Jun 25, 2024
The recent hooch tragedy in Kallakurichi, north Tamil Nadu, underscores significant failures in policy and enforcement, resulting in the deaths of 39 people who consumed methanol-laced illicit liquor. With more individuals in critical condition, the death toll may rise, marking this incident as one of the most devastating in recent times. Despite prior warnings from similar tragedies in the region, systemic issues and lapses in governance have allowed the illicit brewing industry t... Read More...

HISTORICAL SIGNIFICANCE OF NALANDA UNIVERSITY

Jun 24, 2024
1. What is the historical significance of Nalanda University? Nalanda University, established in the 5th century, was one of the world’s first residential universities. It served as a major center for learning and attracted students from all over the world, making it a symbol of India’s rich academic heritage and cultural exchange. 2. When was the ancient Nalanda University established? The ancient Nalanda University was established in the 5th... Read More...

INDIA’S EFFORTS AGAINST SICKLE CELL DISEASE USING CRISPR-CAS9

Jun 24, 2024
1. What is India doing to combat sickle cell disease? India is developing gene therapy using the CRISPR-Cas9 gene-editing tool to treat sickle cell disease, a genetic blood disorder prevalent among Scheduled Tribes. This effort is part of a broader mission to eradicate the disease by 2047. 2. What progress has been made in developing gene therapy for sickle cell disease in India? Researchers at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) are makin... Read More...

Enhanced Collaboration on Critical Minerals: India and U.S. in iCET

Jun 24, 2024
India and the United States are advancing their strategic partnership to enhance cooperation on critical minerals, focusing on the supply chains of graphite, gallium, and germanium. This collaboration is part of the India-U.S. Initiative for Critical and Emerging Technology (iCET) dialogue, chaired by the National Security Advisers of both countries. Key Objectives and Strategies 1. Bilateral Agreement: The U.S. Department of Commerce and India’s Ministry of Commerce and Industry and Ministry of Mines a... Read More...

TIBET ISSUE AND RECENT DEVELOPMENTS

Jun 24, 2024
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MARS: CAVES AND LAVA TUBES

Jun 24, 2024
Mars, often referred to as the Red Planet, holds intriguing features beneath its surface, including caves and lava tubes. These underground formations are of great interest for scientific exploration and potential future human habitation. Formation and Characteristics 1. Lava Tubes: These are formed by flowing lava that solidifies on the surface while the molten rock beneath continues to flow. Once the lava flow ceases, a hollow tube-like structure remains. 2. Caves: Martian caves can be formed by various geological ... Read More...

HOW DOES A BACTERIA BECOME A SUPERBUG?

Jun 24, 2024
UNDERSTANDING SUPERBUGS Bacteria that have acquired resistance to antibiotics are known as superbugs. This resistance arises from the overuse of antibiotics in humans and livestock. The more bacteria are exposed to antibiotics, the higher the chances they have to evolve resistance. WHERE DO WE USE ANTIBIOTICS AND HOW DOES IT AFFECT US? Antibiotics have been pivotal in revolutionizing public health since Alexander Fleming discovered penicillin in 1928. They prevent fatalities from diseases s... Read More...

ADVANCEMENTS IN GENOME EDITED LIVESTOCK

Jun 24, 2024
INTRODUCTION Genome editing, a process of altering or restructuring genes using genetic engineering technology, has revolutionized livestock production. Compared to traditional breeding strategies, genome editing can introduce desirable alleles more precisely and rapidly, enhancing genetic advancement. This technology has significant applications in disease resistance, increased production, improved milk quality, elimination of milk allergens, and overall animal health and welfare. KEY TECHNOLOGIES IN GENOME EDITING Read More...

ASTEROID BELT

Jun 24, 2024
WHAT ARE ASTEROIDS? Asteroids are rocky, airless remnants left over from the early formation of our solar system. Most asteroids orbit the Sun in the asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter. They vary greatly in size, from tiny rocks less than a mile across to the largest known asteroid, Ceres, which is about one-quarter the size of our moon and is classified as a dwarf planet. WHAT IS THE ASTEROID BELT? The asteroid belt is a region of space located between the ... Read More...

NASA’S EUROPA CLIPPER MISSION

Jun 24, 2024
WHAT IS THE EUROPA CLIPPER MISSION? NASA’s Europa Clipper mission is designed to explore Jupiter’s moon, Europa, to investigate its potential to support life. The mission, scheduled to launch in October 2024, will involve a spacecraft orbiting Jupiter and conducting close flybys of Europa. OBJECTIVES OF THE MISSION • Main Goal: Determine if there are environments beneath Europa’s icy surface that could support life. • Secondary Goa... Read More...

“KALLAKKADAL” SWELLS IN KERALA AND TAMIL NADU

Jun 24, 2024
Recent “Kallakkadal” swells in Kerala and Tamil Nadu have been linked to intense storms occurring 10,000 km away in the South Atlantic. These swells, often referred to as ‘stealthy sea’, describe waves without wind that typically occur before the monsoon season. These swells are unpredictable, causing significant erosion and damage to coastal structures when they suddenly grow and crash violently on the shore. Scientists have traced these events back to intense storms in the South Atlantic, which have seen waves reaching 10-15 meters. This year’s Sout... Read More...

EVOLUTION OF MARATHA AND KUNBI IDENTITIES

Jun 24, 2024
HISTORICAL ORIGINS The terms ‘Maratha’ and ‘Kunbi’ have undergone significant changes over centuries. The crystallization of the term ‘Maratha’ likely occurred between 1400 and 1600 C.E. to describe a newly emerging service elite. These were the chiefs who brought bands of followers to serve the Bahamani kingdom and its five successor states. SOCIO-POLITICAL MOVEMENTS The Maratha reservation agitation led ... Read More...

KEELADI: A PINNACLE OF TAMIL HERITAGE

Jun 24, 2024
Unearthing Keeladi’s Uniqueness The Heart of Tamil Heritage: Read More...