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UPSC Current Affairs

UPSC Current Affairs

UPSC Daily Current Affairs :: SRIRAM's IAS

INDIA’S FERTILITY RATE DYNAMICS AND IMPACT

Jul 15, 2024
1. What is the replacement fertility rate? • The replacement fertility rate is 2.1, which is the average number of children a woman needs to have to maintain a stable population size. ... Read More...

East China Sea Tensions:Senkaku Islands

Jul 15, 2024
1. Where is the East China Sea? The East China Sea is located between China, Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan. 2. What's causing tensions in the East China Sea? Tensions are mainly due to disputed islands and overlapping claims on maritime territory and resources. 3. Which islands are disputed? The main disputed islands are called Senkaku by Japan and Diaoyu by China. Read More...

Green steel and the hydrogen-based DRI production method

Jul 15, 2024
1. What is green steel-making? Green steel-making refers to steel production methods that significantly reduce carbon emissions or carbon content compared to conventional methods. 2. What is DRI? DRI stands for Direct Reduced Iron. It's a method of removing oxygen from iron ore to produce what's also known as sponge iron. 3. How does hydrogen-based DRI differ from conventional methods? Read More...

NABARD's Agri-SURE Fund: Simplifier

Jul 15, 2024
* Purpose: Promote innovation and investment in agriculture and rural enterprises. * Size: ₹750 crore initial corpus. * Management: Nabventures (NABARD subsidiary). Read More...

VARKALA CLIFF: A NATIONAL GEOLOGICAL HERITAGE SITE

Jul 13, 2024
1. What is the significance of the cliff overlooking the beach at Varkala? • The cliff at Varkala in Thiruvananthapuram is a national geological heritage site. 2. When was the Varkala cliff declared a National Geological Monument? • In 2014, the red cliffs at Varkala were declared the 27th National Geological Monument by the Geological Survey of India (GSI). 3. Why was the Varkala cliff designated as a Nationa... Read More...

India's SDG Progress: NITI Aayog Report

Jul 13, 2024
1. What did NITI Aayog’s report evaluate? • The report evaluated India’s progress on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) adopted by United Nations member countries in 2015. 2. What score did India achieve in the latest evaluation? • India scored 71 out of 100 in the latest evaluation, up from 57 in 2018. 3. How are SDGs linked to the population? • SDGs are directly ... Read More...

Empowering Tier 2 & Tier 3 Cities: Aspirational ULB Initiative

Jul 13, 2024
What is the proposed Aspirational Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) Initiative? The Aspirational ULBs Initiative is a proposed government program aimed at improving physical and social infrastructure in tier 2 and tier 3 cities, modeled on the Aspirational Districts and Blocks Programmes. What are the objectives of the initiative? • Enhance infrastructure and services in smaller cities. • Foster healthy competition among ULBs to improve governance and performanc... Read More...

INDIA AND RUSSIA TO TRADE IN NATIONAL CURRENCIES

Jul 13, 2024
Key Points: • Bilateral Settlement System: India and Russia have agreed to use their national currencies for bilateral trade settlements, aiming to reduce dependence on third-party currencies like the US dollar. • Financial Messaging Systems: Both countries will work on the interoperability of their financial messaging systems to facilitate smooth transactions. Programme-2030: • Objective: Programme-2030 aims to ensure dynam... Read More...

India:The Skills Gap Challenge

Jul 13, 2024
India faces a significant challenge in aligning its workforce skills with the demands of the job market. Despite robust economic growth and increasing employment figures, there's a noticeable mismatch between the skills possessed by workers and those required by employers. This gap poses a threat to India's economic potential and the employability of its large youth population. Current Workforce Landscape Recent data from the Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) reveals some positive trends: ... Read More...

BIMSTEC: India's Strategic Focus and "Act East" Policy

Jul 13, 2024
he RisTe of BIMSTEC The Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC) has emerged as a crucial platform for India to strengthen its ties with neighboring countries along its eastern coast. As th... Read More...

UNIFIED PAYMENTS INTERFACE (UPI)​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​

Jul 13, 2024
  EASE OF USE AND POPULARITY Unified Payments Interface (UPI), launched in 2016 by India’s central bank in collaboration with the banking industry, has revolutionized the way transactions are conducted in India. This app-based instant payment system allows users to send and receive money, pay bills, and authorize payments seamlessly without entering bank details. Its ease of use and the fact that it is free have made it extremely popular, propelling India to the top of the real-time payments market with 14 billion transactions recorded in May 2024 al... Read More...

CADRE SYSTEM IN INDIAN CIVIL SERVICE

Jul 13, 2024
WHAT IS THE CADRE SYSTEM? The cadre system in the Indian Civil Service refers to the allocation of officers from the Indian Administrative Service (IAS), Indian Police Service (IPS), Indian Forest Service (IFoS), and other All India Services to different states and Union Territories (UTs). Each cadre functions as a distinct administrative unit responsible for governance and administration in its respective region. Officers are recruited at the national level but serve in specific state cadres for most of their careers. Read More...

SALKHAN FOSSILS PARK: A WINDOW INTO EARLY LIFE ON EARTH

Jul 13, 2024
LOCATION AND SIGNIFICANCE Salkhan Fossils Park, located near Salkhan village in Sonbhadra district, Uttar Pradesh, India, is one of the most remarkable fossil sites globally. Containing fossils that date back over 650 million years, this park is a treasure trove for geologists and researchers studying the origins of life. UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE SITE INITIATIVE The Uttar Pradesh Department of Tourism is working to have Salkhan Fossils Park included in UNESCO’s World Heritage Sites by 2026. The proposal involves pre... Read More...

MULE ACCOUNTS AND RBI’S MEASURES

Jul 13, 2024
WHAT IS A MULE ACCOUNT? Mule accounts are bank accounts that receive funds from illegal activities and transfer them to other accounts, serving as a bridge for money laundering and other illicit activities. In India, these accounts are increasingly used, often by individuals offering their bank accounts for money. Despite controls, detecting such accounts can be challenging. VARIOUS TYPES OF MONEY MULES 1. Victim Mule: Unknowingly involved, their account is compromised for ... Read More...

INDIA: COUNTER-PIRACY IN RED SEA

Jul 13, 2024
List of Operations 1. Operation Sankalp: • Objective: To address the resurgence of piracy in the waters near Somalia and ensure maritime security. • Actions: Deployment of over 5,000 personnel and 20 ships, responding to more than 18 incidents, investigating over 250 vessels, and boarding more than 40. • Significant Event: Successful rescue operation on March 15-16, 2024, where Indian naval commandos retook the hijacked MV Ruen, capturing 35 pirates and rescuing 17 crew members. 2. Response to Att... Read More...