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INDIA AND RUSSIA:NUCLEAR ENERGY COLLABORATION



  May 23, 2024

INDIA AND RUSSIA:NUCLEAR ENERGY COLLABORATION



Key Points from the Announcement

Expansion of Nuclear Infrastructure

India and Russia are in the process of identifying additional sites for the construction of Russian-built nuclear reactors in India. This collaboration aims to enhance India’s nuclear energy infrastructure, with significant progress already seen at the Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant (KKNPP) in Tamil Nadu.

Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant

Kudankulam, India’s largest nuclear power plant, has developed substantially with the help of Russia’s state-owned nuclear energy corporation, Rosatom. Currently, four reactors with a capacity of 1,000 Megawatts (MW) each are operational at the site. In December, India and Russia agreed to construct two additional reactors, further boosting the plant’s capacity and reinforcing the strategic energy partnership between the two nations.

Future Plans

Discussions are ongoing regarding the progress at Kudankulam and exploring additional sites for Russian reactors. This underscores the commitment to expand India’s nuclear energy infrastructure.

Challenges and Legislative Hurdles

Despite the collaboration with Russia, India faces challenges in its civil nuclear agreements with other countries due to liability issues stemming from the Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage Act of 2010. This legislation holds suppliers accountable for any nuclear incidents, complicating negotiations and delaying projects with other international partners.

Strategic Importance

Expanding nuclear infrastructure through reliable partnerships remains a priority for India. The successful development of additional reactors will bolster India’s energy capacity and reinforce its position as a key player in the global nuclear energy landscape.

FAQs

Q: What is the purpose of the collaboration between India and Russia in the nuclear sector?

A: The collaboration aims to enhance India’s nuclear energy infrastructure, expand its energy capacity, and strengthen the strategic energy partnership between India and Russia.

Q: What progress has been made at the Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant?

A: Four reactors with a capacity of 1,000 MW each are operational, and two additional reactors are planned to be constructed.

Q: What challenges does India face in its nuclear agreements with other countries?

A: India faces challenges due to liability issues from the Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage Act of 2010, which complicates negotiations and delays projects with other international partners.

Q: How does the expansion of nuclear infrastructure benefit India?

A: Expanding nuclear infrastructure increases India’s energy capacity, supports sustainable development, and reinforces its position in the global nuclear energy landscape.

Q: What role does the Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage Act of 2010 play in India’s nuclear agreements?

A: The Act holds suppliers accountable for nuclear incidents, creating challenges in negotiating and finalizing nuclear agreements with other countries.

Q: Which organizations are involved in the nuclear collaboration between India and Russia?

A: India’s nuclear collaboration with Russia involves Rosatom, the state-owned nuclear energy corporation, and Indian government entities responsible for nuclear energy development.



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