BEWARE OF FAKE INSTITUTES WITH SIMILAR NAMES. blank    blank
banner

Direct Seeded Rice (DSR) in Punjab: Challenges and Benefits



  Jun 22, 2024

Direct Seeded Rice (DSR) in Punjab: Challenges and Benefits



Introduction to DSR:

Direct Seeded Rice (DSR) is an innovative technique of sowing paddy seeds that uses less water and labor compared to traditional transplanting methods. Despite its advantages, DSR has not gained widespread popularity in Punjab.

Current Adoption:

In the previous year, only 1.73 lakh acres out of 79 lakh acres under paddy cultivation in Punjab were sown using DSR, representing a mere 2%. The government’s target is to increase this to 7 lakh acres, providing incentives to encourage adoption.

DSR Technique:

Traditionally, paddy seedlings are prepared in nurseries and then transplanted into flooded fields, a method that is labor and water-intensive. DSR involves sowing seeds directly into the field, reducing water usage by 15-20% and labor costs significantly.

Benefits of DSR:

• Reduces water consumption in cultivation.
• Requires less labor.
• Allows the crop to mature 7-10 days earlier, giving farmers more time to manage the paddy straw.

Soil Suitability:

The success of DSR heavily depends on soil texture:

• Suitable Soils: Light-textured soils, such as sandy or loamy soils.

• Unsuitable Soils: Heavy or medium-to-heavy textured soils, which do not retain water well and require frequent irrigation.

Challenges:

• Soil Texture: Much of Punjab’s soil is not ideal for DSR, with high iron content and heavy texture in many regions.
• Education and Awareness: Lack of information and training among farmers about DSR’s benefits and techniques.
• Iron Content: High iron content in certain soils affects the suitability for tar-wattar DSR.
• Incentives and Support: Farmers need sustained support and incentives to transition to DSR.

Expert Insights:

Agronomists emphasize the importance of matching DSR techniques to suitable soils. Inappropriate use in heavy-textured soils leads to excessive irrigation needs, nullifying water-saving benefits.

Recommendations for Adoption:

• Training and Education: Providing extensive training and field demonstrations to farmers.
• Incentives: Offering initial financial support and compensation during the transition period.
• Support Throughout Cultivation: Ensuring continuous support from pre-sowing to harvest stages to build farmer confidence in DSR.

Conclusion:

While DSR holds significant promise for reducing water and labor use in paddy cultivation, overcoming soil suitability challenges and improving farmer education and support are essential for broader adoption in Punjab.



SRIRAM’s



Share:
 

Get a call back

Fill the below form to get free counselling for UPSC Civil Services exam preparation

 
UPSC DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS

 
SILK ROUTE THROUGH KALIMPONG AND SIKKIM
 
RHODODENDRON NIVEUM, THE STATE TREE OF SIKKIM
 
OPERATION DHANUSH NEAR LOC
 
French Revolution and India
 
RBI’S MONETARY POLICY STANCE
 
French Revolution and India
 
MUSLIM WOMEN UNDER SECTION 125 OF CRPC:
 
BASTILLE DAY
 
INDIA-BASED NEUTRINO OBSERVATORY (INO)
 
India's Critical Minerals Strategy
 
Conflict in Sudan:
 
ASIAN PROTECTIONISM:RESPONSE TO CHINESE OVERCAPACITY
 
IVF Treatments in India
 
Indian quantum cryptography discovery
 
Climate Change : Loss and damage fund