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De-Dollarisation and BRICS



  Jun 22, 2024

De-Dollarisation and BRICS



SHIFTING GLOBAL MONETARY ORDER: IMPACT OF BRICS AND LOCAL CURRENCIES

The global economic landscape is experiencing significant shifts as countries explore alternatives to the longstanding US dollar dominance. This movement is largely fueled by the end of the petrodollar agreement between the US and Saudi Arabia, which has historically reinforced the dollar’s supremacy. As Saudi Arabia considers selling oil in currencies other than the US dollar, questions arise about the future of the dollar’s hegemony.

DRIVERS OF CHANGE

1. BRICS Initiative:
BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa) is at the forefront of promoting local currencies. This collective is creating an ecosystem that encourages trade in currencies like the yuan, rupee, and ruble, minimizing dependence on the US dollar.

2. Digital and Commodities-Based Currencies:
Emerging technologies such as blockchain and digital currencies are being explored as potential alternatives. The BRICS nations, particularly China, are focusing on developing digital currencies and increasing gold reserves as a hedge against dollar volatility.

3. Global Economic Dynamics:
The US economy is grappling with high debt levels and fiscal challenges, which undermine confidence in the dollar. In contrast, other economies are leveraging their commodities and strategic alliances to strengthen their financial positions.

IMPLICATIONS FOR THE FUTURE

1. Diversification of Reserves:
Central banks in countries like India, Saudi Arabia, Hungary, Austria, and Czechia are diversifying their reserves, moving away from dollar-denominated assets to a mix of gold and other currencies.

2. Impact on US Influence:
A shift away from the US dollar could reduce American influence on global trade and finance. The US’s ability to impose economic sanctions could also be weakened.

3. Global Financial Stability:
The transition towards a multi-currency global monetary system could enhance stability by reducing the risk associated with reliance on a single currency. However, it also poses challenges, such as managing currency exchange risks and ensuring adequate liquidity.

CONCLUSION

As BRICS and other nations pursue local currencies and digital financial solutions, the global financial order is poised for substantial transformation. This evolution will likely see a gradual decline in the US dollar’s dominance, replaced by a more diversified and resilient monetary system. The coming decade will be critical in determining the trajectory of these changes and their impact on global economic stability.




SRIRAM’S



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