United Nations Refugee Convention, 1951

  Mar 27, 2022

United Nations Refugee Convention, 1951

Q Why is it in News ?

A Model laws on asylum and refugees that were drafted by the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) decades ago but not implemented by the government could be revised by an expert committee.

Q What is UN Refugee Convention, 1951 ?

Q What is the definition of Refugee ?

A The 1951 convention defines a refugee as:

  1. A person who is outside his or her country of nationality or habitual residence
  2. Has a well-founded fear of being persecuted because of his or her race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion
  3. Unable or unwilling to avail him— or herself of the protection of that country, or
  4. Unable to return there, for fear of persecution

Q What are various Rights conferred to Refugees ?

Q Why hasn’t India signed this convention?

Q What can be Way forward ?