Caste-based census for India

  Aug 13, 2021

Caste-based census for India

Q. Why is this in news?
A. The Bihar chief minister wants the central government to reconsider its refusal to hold a caste-based census, as he feels such data can help his government design more focused policies for the really needy among OBCs.

However, the Government of India has decided as a matter of policy not to enumerate caste-wise populations other than SCs and STs in Census.

Q. How have caste details been collected so far?


  1. While SC/ST details are collected as part of the census, details of other castes are not collected by the enumerators. The main method is by self-declaration to the enumerator.
  2. So far, backward classes commissions in various States have been conducting their own counts to ascertain the population of backward castes.

 Q. What kind of caste data is published in the Census?

A. Every Census in independent India from 1951 to 2011 has published data on Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, but not on other castes. Before that, every Census until 1931 had data on caste.

 Q. What is SECC 2011?

A. The Socio-Economic Caste Census of 2011 was a major exercise to obtain data about the socio-economic status of various communities.

Q. What is the Difference between Census & SECC?

Q. What are Pros of caste census?
A. The precise number of the population of each caste would help tailor the reservation policy to ensure equitable representation of all of them.

Q. What are the Concerns associated?