Nuakhai is the chief festival of Western Odisha. It is the harvest festival of Odisha wherein farmers are in possession of new rice of the season. They offer the first produce of their respective lands to Goddess Samaleswari and then consume it personally. It is one of the major festivals celebrated widely in the state.
Uploaded on 08/01/2018
Question : With reference to ‘Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS)’, which of the following statements is/are correct?
1. IRNSS is also known as NAVIC.
2. It is a constellation on 11 satellites.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below.
In news: In a setback, India’s mission to launch its eighth navigation satellite, where the private sector was involved for the first time in the assembly of its spacecraft, failed on following a technical snag after a perfect lift-off of its polar rocket. The IRNSS 1H was a back-up navigation satellite for IRNSS 1A, one of the seven satellites in the constellation, as its three rubidium atomic clocks on board had stopped functioning. For the first time, the private sector has been actively involved in assembling and testing of a satellite unlike earlier where its role was limited to supplying components.
The Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS) with an operational name of NAVIC ("sailor") stands for NAVigation with Indian Constellation) is an autonomous regional satellite navigation system, that provides accurate real-time positioning and timing services. It covers India and a region extending 1,500 km (930 mi) around it, with plans for further extension. The system at-present consist of a constellation of 7 satellites.
The constellation is already in orbit and system is expected to be operational from early 2018 after a system check. NAVIC will provide two levels of service, the 'standard positioning service' will be open for civilian use, and a 'restricted service' (an encrypted one) for authorized users (including military).
There are plans to expand NavIC system by increasing constellation size from 7 to 11.
Uploaded on 06/01/2018
Question : Consider the following pairs of ‘Harvest festivals’ and their respective ‘States of celebration’:
1. Onam : Karnataka
2. Ugadi : Andhra Pradesh
3. Ka Pomblang Nongkrem : Meghalaya
4. Nuakhai : Bihar
Which of the above pairs are correctly matched?
2 and 3 only
1, 2 and 3 only
2 and 4 only
1, 2, 3 and 4
Ugadi is a regional New Year celebration for people of Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka. This harvest festival is considered auspicious to start new work and ventures. On the day, local people take oil bath, wear traditional clothes, decorate homes with earthen lamps and rangoli, and perform Ugadi puja at home.
Onam is a legendary harvest festival of Kerala celebrated with great enthusiasm in different parts of Kerala. The festival is celebrated for 10 days with the arrival of Mahabali. To relish the successful harvest, Malayalee people decorate their house entrance with floral rangoli, wear new traditional clothes, women cook delicious food, and celebrate with traditional music and dance.
Nuakhai is an age old harvest celebration in Odisha. Locally ‘nua’ means new and ‘khai’ means food. This is not only a popular harvest festival in India, but also celebrated to appreciate the passing away of the past and evil days while welcoming the new and beautiful with open arms. The festival is also known as Nuakhai Parab or Nuakhai Bhetghat.
The inhabitants of Khasi hills worship Goddess Ka Blei Synshar and celebrate the plentiful harvest with vigour and excitement. Ka Pomblang Nongkrem brings ultimate joy and happiness to the community. The celebration comprises of animal sacrifice and Nongkrem dance with sword in one hand and yak hair whisk on the other.